The United Nations predicted on Tuesday that the current decade will be the warmest in history, in an annual assessment of how the pace of climate change is exceeding human resilience.
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) said in its interim statement Tuesday that global temperatures this year have been 1.1 degrees Celsius higher than the pre-industrial era. This puts 2019 on track to be among the three hottest years in history, the UN said.
According to the statement, this year “concludes an unprecedented decade of global warming and the retreat of ice and rising sea levels due to greenhouse gases resulting from human activities.”
“The five-year (2015-2019) and 10-year (2010-2019) average temperatures will almost certainly be the highest ever,” he said.
The atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide reached a record 407.8 ppm in 2018, the statement said, noting that this level continued to rise over 2019. Sooner on climate now, we are moving towards increasing temperatures to over 3 ° C by the end of the century, with adverse effects on human well-being. We are far from achieving the objective of the Paris Agreement. “
The effects of climate change are manifested daily in extreme and abnormal weather events, ” Talas said. We have been severely affected by weather and climate hazards in 2019. Heat waves and floods that have occurred once a century are regular. Countries around the world, such as islands, have suffered. The Bahamas, Japan and Mozambique, the devastating effects of tropical cyclones. Forest fires swept the Arctic and Australia.
“One of the main impacts of climate change is irregular rainfall patterns, which threaten crops and, with increasing population, poses major food security challenges for vulnerable countries in the future.”
Internal displacements in the first half of this year amounted to 10 million, of which 7 million were due to weather events, such as Cyclone Eide in Southeast Africa, Cyclone Fanny in South Asia, and Hurricane Durian in the region. The Caribbean, and flooding in Iran, the Philippines and Ethiopia, have resulted in the emergence of humanitarian needs and significant protection requirements.